array(23) {
  ["id"] => string(2) "96"
  ["siteid"] => string(1) "1"
  ["type"] => string(1) "1"
  ["m_id"] => string(1) "0"
  ["p_id"] => string(1) "0"
  ["name"] => string(6) "服务"
  ["thumb"] => string(63) "/modules/cms/uploads/recommend/2018/05/15/05797102164099283.png"
  ["image"] => string(0) ""
  ["desc"] => string(0) ""
  ["pdir"] => string(0) ""
  ["dir"] => string(7) "service"
  ["url"] => string(0) ""
  ["setting"] => array(15) {
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    ["content_is_html"] => int(0)
    ["urlrule"] => int(1)
    ["contenturlrule"] => int(0)
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    ["meta_keywords"] => string(75) "APP定制开发,微信定制开发,小程序定制开发,网站定制开发"
    ["meta_description"] => string(0) ""
    ["category_template"] => string(0) ""
    ["list_template"] => string(0) ""
    ["show_template"] => string(21) "show_page_dingzhi.tpl"
    ["formid"] => string(0) ""
    ["url"] => string(0) ""
    ["target"] => string(0) ""
    ["pri_grade_visit"] => array(0) {
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    ["pri_grade_add"] => array(0) {
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  ["sethtml"] => string(1) "0"
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  ["flowid"] => string(1) "0"
  ["image_mo"] => string(63) "/modules/cms/uploads/recommend/2018/05/25/05805654599261264.jpg"
  ["page_num"] => string(1) "0"
  ["wxstat"] => string(1) "0"
  ["scope"] => string(0) ""
  ["modelname"] => NULL
  ["son"] => array(8) {
    [0] => array(22) {
      ["id"] => string(3) "187"
      ["siteid"] => string(1) "1"
      ["type"] => string(1) "1"
      ["m_id"] => string(1) "0"
      ["p_id"] => string(2) "96"
      ["name"] => string(15) "小程序开发"
      ["thumb"] => string(0) ""
      ["image"] => string(0) ""
      ["desc"] => string(112) "专业微信小程序解决方案|各种场景核心功能,提前布局微信新生态,抢占第一波红利"
      ["pdir"] => string(0) ""
      ["dir"] => string(6) "wechat"
      ["url"] => string(0) ""
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        ["content_is_html"] => int(0)
        ["urlrule"] => int(1)
        ["contenturlrule"] => int(0)
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      ["url"] => string(0) ""
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        ["is_html"] => int(1)
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        ["pri_grade_add"] => array(0) {
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      ["name"] => string(12) "商标注册"
      ["thumb"] => string(0) ""
      ["image"] => string(63) "/modules/cms/uploads/recommend/2019/06/11/06135613173195858.png"
      ["desc"] => string(0) ""
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      ["dir"] => string(9) "trademark"
      ["url"] => string(0) ""
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        ["is_html"] => int(1)
        ["content_is_html"] => int(0)
        ["urlrule"] => int(1)
        ["contenturlrule"] => int(0)
        ["meta_title"] => string(131) "商标注册_商标注册流程_商标注册流程及费用_西安商标注册_西安商标注册代理-「源知果」艺源科技"
        ["meta_keywords"] => string(103) "商标注册,商标注册流程,商标注册流程及费用,西安商标注册,西安商标注册代理"
        ["meta_description"] => string(182) "「源知果」西安提供代理版权登记,代理商标注册,代理专利申请,代理企业贯标,代理高新技术企业认定的服务;咨询电话:13325455411。"
        ["category_template"] => string(0) ""
        ["list_template"] => string(0) ""
        ["show_template"] => string(23) "show_page_trademark.tpl"
        ["formid"] => string(0) ""
        ["url"] => string(0) ""
        ["target"] => string(0) ""
        ["pri_grade_visit"] => array(0) {
        }
        ["pri_grade_add"] => array(0) {
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      ["order"] => string(1) "4"
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      ["image_mo"] => string(63) "/modules/cms/uploads/recommend/2019/06/11/06135617157272716.png"
      ["page_num"] => string(1) "0"
      ["wxstat"] => string(1) "0"
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    }
    [5] => array(22) {
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      ["p_id"] => string(2) "96"
      ["name"] => string(12) "网站建设"
      ["thumb"] => string(0) ""
      ["image"] => string(63) "/modules/cms/uploads/recommend/2019/06/21/06144566585327511.jpg"
      ["desc"] => string(149) "节约IT成本/降低运维成本/网站安全稳定/不满意全额退款|节约IT成本/降低运维成本/网站安全稳定/不满意全额退款"
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        ["is_html"] => int(1)
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        ["meta_title"] => string(80) "西安商城网站建设_政府网站建设_学校网站建设就选艺源科技"
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        ["meta_description"] => string(248) "「艺源科技」是西安一家专业的西安商城网站建设,政府网站建设,学校网站建设的网络公司,咨询电话:029-88810146/150 9401 9029。公司拥有10年实践经验,为您提供一条龙的互联网应用解决方案。"
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      ["p_id"] => string(2) "96"
      ["name"] => string(15) "云服务平台"
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      ["dir"] => string(0) ""
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        ["meta_title"] => string(0) ""
        ["meta_keywords"] => string(0) ""
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        ["show_template"] => string(0) ""
        ["formid"] => string(0) ""
        ["url"] => string(26) "http://saas001.yysweb.com/"
        ["target"] => string(6) "_blank"
        ["pri_grade_visit"] => array(0) {
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      ["order"] => string(1) "6"
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      ["image"] => string(63) "/modules/cms/uploads/recommend/2019/06/09/06134199008388559.jpg"
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        ["is_html"] => int(1)
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        ["meta_description"] => string(244) "艺源科技(yysweb.com),专注为企业提供百度等搜索引擎整站SEO优化服务,针对不同行业、网站情况给出不同策略、报价和SEO建议;是您值得信赖的seo诊断、顾问咨询等云SEO技术服务外包商。"
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}
				
当前位置: 首页 > 售后 > 艺源智库
【小程序】小程序•小故事(10)——群聊能力
时间:2018-07-26 14:50:06
文章发布:杜凯
原创作者: band
来源:微信开发者

我们在后台收到很多朋友的反馈,希望更好的运用小程序群聊的能力。于是我们想写写群聊的故事。


微信群是小程序在微信这个社交工具下传播的重要途径,我们经常能通过群聊看见小程序的身影。我们希望开发者在实现小程序逻辑的时候,能理解每一个群聊,可实现小程序与各个群聊紧密相关的功能。


基于此,我们开放了群聊 ID(openGID)的功能,供开发者区分标识每个群聊。对于每个群聊而言,小程序所获取到的 openGID 是不变的。但对于同一个群,不同的小程序内获得的 openGID 是不一样的。这一特性类似于标识用户身份的 openID。


拥有了群聊 ID,开发者可以把用户的操作按照群聊 ID 来聚合、沉淀信息,实现群协作功能。此外,通过 openID+openGID 的方式,还可以实现群排行的功能。


例如“群影”小程序以群聊ID聚合用户上传的图片,实现群相册的功能。


(“群影”小程序)


01

 如何获取群聊ID 


开发者获取 openGID 要依托于用户转发到群聊的小程序卡片,具体步骤如下: 


1

设置带 shareTicket 的分享


在小程序内,开发者调用接口wx.updateShareMenu 带参数withShareTicket:true ,设置当前页面分享到群聊时能获取 openGID。而shareTicket本身就是获取 openGID 的凭证。



而 iOS/Android App 分享场景当中,微信SDK也支持把所分享的消息设置成带 shareTicket。


值得注意的是,带 shareTicket 的分享卡片会被固定在某个群聊的,也就是说分享卡片会变成不能被长按转发


2

由启动参数获取 shareTicket


当用户从某个带 shareTicket 的卡片进入小程序时,开发者可以在App.onLaunch 或者App.onShow 获取 shareTicket,而在小游戏上开发者可以通过监听 wx.onShow 或者同步调用wx.getLaunchOptionsSync 获取shareTicket。 


shareTicket 实际上是小程序启动时临时生成的变量,在小程序生命周期内仅作为调用接口的凭证。生命周期结束后 shareTicket 就没有意义了。


3

通过 shareTicket 获取 openGID


开发者调 wx.getShareInfo 接口以 shareTicket 换取 openGID 的加密数据包,这是为了保证开发者服务器收到的 openGID 是可信的,开发者需要把加密数据交由后台解密,拿到真实的 openGID。数据加密机制更多请参看[数据加密相关文档]


注意事项 ▷▷


由于2018年7月5日起,新提交发布的小程序版本将无法通过用户分享获得群ID,即开发者通wx.onShareAppMessage获取群 ID 的方式将不再支持,后续仅支持通过启动参数获取群 ID。请开发者及时调整。


02

群聊名称组件


除了群聊 ID 以外,开发者还能使用群聊对应的名称。出于保护用户隐私的考虑,我们不会把真实的群聊名称暴露给开发者,而是通过 open-data 组件让开发者在小程序前端展示某个 openGID 对应的群名称。



其中 openGID 就是小程序获取到的群聊 ID。 open-data 组件只展示那些用户所在群聊ID对应的名称。如果设置了非微信提供的群聊 ID,将无法展现群聊名称。


03

群聊功能


1

分享设置

wx.updateShareMenu : [查看文档]


2

小程序启动参数

App.onLaunch / App.onShow : [查看文档]


3

小游戏启动参数

wx.onShow : [查看文档]

getLaunchOptionsSync : [查看文档]


4

获取 openGID

wx.getShareInfo : [查看文档]


5

群名称组件

<open-data> : [查看文档]



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